Here’s what you need to know about ovulation

Essentially, conception is predominantly involves getting the sperm to the egg in a place and time that’s favourable for fertilisation. To ensure this process is successful, proper ovulation is central. But few know much about ovulation. In this article, we cite some basics about the process and learn how ovulation tests can help.

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is primarily the time in a woman’s monthly courses when an egg is released from the ovary. Once released, it has about 12 to 24 hours to be fertilised.

During ovulation, the released egg travels from the ovaries down the fallopian tubes to the uterus. If it is fertilized in the next 12 to 24 hours since its release, it will implant in the uterus’s wall. In case the fertilization doesn’t take place, the egg will disintegrate and be shed along with the rest of the uterine tissue.

When does ovulation occur?

Ovulation occurs about halfway through a woman’s menstrual cycle. If your cycle is 28 days long, your ovulation will begin 14 days after your periods. However, cycle lengths tend to vary from woman to woman. Usually, they may vary from 23 to 35 days. At such times, ovulation dates may also see a slight shift.

How to tell if you are ovulating?

There are several signs which indicate that the process of ovulation has begun. Some of these signs are:

  • Discomfort in the lower abdominal either on the left-side or the right-side
  • The cervix becomes softer
  • The mucus becomes more clear, thin, and slippery
  • Vulva or vagina tend to swell a bit and become more sensitive
  • Sex drive may increase
  • Fluctuations in the basal body temperature

You can also consult a gynaecologist and take a basic ovulation test. This test will not only help you keep a track of your ovulation time but also help you plan better in conceiving.

Can fertility tests help?

If you have been actively trying to get pregnant for a year or more and still haven’t conceived, then fertility tests can help. These tests can detect cervical cancer or any other problems with the cervix. Such diseases can interfere with pregnancy.

How to tell if you are ovulating?

Once the fertility test reports show that you have good chances of conceiving, you need to monitor your monthly cycle. Track your monthly periods consistently for a few months. This will give you an idea of the common symptoms you may experience during ovulation.

You can also purchase an over-the-counter ovulation test kit to know your ovulation dates.

Given an ideal condition, conception only occurs about 20 percent of the time. So, even if your fertility test results are normal, you may still take several months to conceive.

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