Common Types of Congenital Heart Conditions

Congenital heart disease treatment has become a possibility in the recent past, thanks to advanced medical research and technologies. Conquering these conditions brings significant relief to many people. However, sometimes, you might not know what congenital heart conditions entail. The following information will help you understand the various types of congenital heart conditions. They include the following.

Septal Defect

A septal defect is a common congenital heart defect that causes a hole between the chambers of your heart. This condition cannot be diagnosed until you are an adult, and it can cause significant damage to your heart and lungs. Its impact on the lungs and heart could reduce your lifespan.

There are two septal defect conditions: the atrial septal defect and the ventricular septal defect. While the former creates a hole between the upper chambers of your heart, the latter does it between the lower sections. This condition allows blood from two chambers to mix, making it hard to supply enough oxygenated blood throughout the body.

Aortic Valve Stenosis

You could also refer to it as aortic stenosis. This condition narrows the aortic valve, meaning that it cannot open fully. In turn, you expect a limited supply of oxygenated blood across the body, forcing the heart to work much harder in the long run. A healthy heart might still weaken from working this hard. For this reason, you expect fatigue, chest pain, and a weaker heart from it.

Mild cases will hardly require treatment. However, you will have to undergo surgery if the condition becomes extensive. This procedure will help repair or replace the valve, ensuring that the heart no longer works so hard. You might also need to take medication to help eliminate extra water from the body.

Ebstein’s Anomaly

This anomaly is significantly common, highlighting an incorrectly formed or positioned tricuspid valve. Ideally, this tricuspid valve will sit much lower than its natural position in the heart. This condition has an extensive variation in severity. Some will not survive the gestation period, while others will lead normal lives.

Various symptoms of Ebstein’s anomaly suffice. For instance, you will expect fatigue, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and skin discoloration. There are multiple medications for this condition, ranging from antiarrhythmic and anti-coagulants to diuretic pills. Yet, you must choose a heart specialist to get the results you envision.

Tetralogy of Fallot

This is a combination of heart defects: ventricular septal defect, pulmonary valve stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, and an overriding aorta. An overarching aorta is positioned over a VSD.

This condition allows oxygenated and non-oxygenated blood to mix. Thanks to this, a baby will appear bluish. This baby could also experience shortness of breath, poor weight gain, irritability, a murmuring heart, and fatigue. Some of these symptoms become more apparent as the child grows. However, it would be best to address the problem as soon as possible.

Understanding the different types of congenital heart defects ensures that you make prompt decisions when necessary. The information above points

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