The key to the cure for numerous cancers is early detection. Cancer compensation solicitors in UK take legal action against healthcare providers for misdiagnosis or late diagnosis. Cancer compensation solicitors will usually represent a client using the risk free no win no fee scheme. If you want free initial legal advice in UK just contact a firm of cancer compensation solicitors. In the event of a fatality, either beneficiaries or dependents may take legal action on behalf of the deceased’s estate.
It is now effectively possible to treat or cure many types of this illness and even if a cure is not possible then the quality of remaining life can be improved. The most common claims dealt with by a cancer medical negligence lawyer are those associated with failure to diagnose in a timely manner which allows adequate treatment to take place or after diagnosis failing to arrange an appropriate treatment. The key to successful treatment is early diagnosis which may improve quality of life, survival chances and life expectancy. If a doctor has failed to diagnose the illness in a timely manner, then cancer compensation may be payable on the basis of medical negligence for the worsening of the illness. Early diagnosis usually means less pain, less financial hardship and a greater chance of survival.
Some of the most common cancers that result in legal action are outlined below: –
This is the second most fatal carcinoma which almost always arises from a polyp which is often readily demonstrable for years that may bleed intermittently before an invasive and ultimately incurable cancer develops. Most colon cancer medical negligence settlements are in relation to misdiagnosis due to a failure to properly evaluate complaints of rectal bleeding.
The following are considered to be risk factors for colon cancer:-
- high fat, high calorie and low fibre diets
- people over the age of 50.
- benign growths called polyps on the wall of the colon
- women with a history of cancer of the ovary, uterus or breast
- the condition known familial polyposis unless treated
- ulcerative colitis
- close relatives of a person who has had cancer of the colon
Various tests are used to establish the diagnosis of colon cancer including:-
- barium enema x-rays
- sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy can also be used to remove polyps or other abnormal tissue for examination
- blood tests.
- digital rectal examination may reveal abnormalities
- X-rays can reveal polyps or other changes
- biopsy which is the removal of a tissue sample for microscopic examination by a pathologist
Esophageal cancer occurs in the tube that connects the throat to the stomach. There are symptoms and risk factors for esophagus cancer that should be recognized by a competent doctor. When a doctor fails to identify a patient with a high-risk factor or fails to recognize the symptoms or does not properly screen and examine the patient then he may be guilty of medical malpractice. Symptoms that should be taken seriously and investigated may include:-
- difficult or painful swallowing
- severe weight loss
- pain in the throat or back, behind the breastbone or between the shoulder blades
- hoarseness or chronic cough
- coughing up blood
Diagnosis of esophageal cancer usually follows consideration of the patients medical history and after physical examination which may include the following tests:-
barium swallow is a series of x-rays taken after the patient drinks a liquid containing barium which is radio opaque
esophagoscopy is an examination using a thin lighted tube called an endoscope which also facilitates collection of cells and tissue for examination under a microscope
The exact causes of esophagus cancer are not known however there are recognised factors that can increase the risk of developing esophagus cancer:-
- esophageal cancer is more likely to occur in people over the age of 60
- it is more common in men than in women
- smoking cigarettes is a major risk factor
- chronic or heavy use of alcohol is a major risk factor
- long-term irritation of the esophagus can increase the risk
- patients who have had other head and neck cancers have increased risk
Esophagus cancer is particularly serious because it can be well established before it is detected. It is most common in men over the age of 60 and is often, though not necessarily, associated with tobacco smoking and heavy drinking. People who suffer from hiatus hernia or who have worked with metal dust including pipe fitters, plumbers, welders and sheet metal workers are at increased risk of contracting esophageal cancer.
This condition is usually diagnosed by a biopsy which is the removal of a small sample of tissue for examination under a microscope by a pathologist. A number of procedures may be used to obtain this tissue:
- A hypodermic needle is inserted into the tumour through the chest wall to remove a tissue sample.
- A bronchoscope is inserted through the mouth or nose and into the windpipe to look at the lungs and collect small samples of tissue.
- Laparoscopy techniques can be used to obtain a tissue sample.
- A small amount of the fluid that surrounds the lungs can removed using a hypodermic needle.
- Other tests can be used to determine the extent of the lung cancer including:
- Mediastinoscopy can determine whether cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the chest.
- Radionuclide scanning can show whether cancer has spread to other organs, such as the liver.
- MRI, CAT or CT scan.
Delays in diagnosis may cause a worsening of the illness and are often as a result of failure to :-
- Refer to a patient who exhibits typical symptoms to a specialist.
- Have a biopsy performed when the physical examination results are abnormal.
- Make arrangements to carry out the appropriate tests when a patient exhibits symptoms.
- Take appropriate action following receipt of an unfavorable biopsy results.
- Monitor patients with cancer in the family.
- Recommend appropriate treatment options.
- Retrieve lost records, notes and test results.
There is a well-documented increased in the incidence in individuals who are exposed to asbestos fibers. While cigarette smoking is the most well-known cause, asbestos is recognized as a potent lung carcinogen particularly when combined with cigarette smoking. Studies have revealed that when both asbestos fibers and cigarette smoke are inhaled, there is a synergistic effect which multiplies the risk of each carcinogen. It is estimated that smokers who are also exposed to asbestos have seven times more chance of contracting cancer of the lungs.
Every year over 20,000 people in the US will be diagnosed as suffering from stomach cancer which can be difficult to detect. Often there are no symptoms in the early stages or when symptoms do occur, they are often so vague that the person ignores them. A considerable proportion of those cases with a fatal outcome relate to stomach cancer medical malpractice. Symptoms may include :-
- discomfort or pain in the abdomen
- indigestion or heartburn
- nausea and vomiting
- bloating of the stomach after meals
- diarrhea or constipation
- weakness and fatigue
- loss of appetite
- bleeding (vomiting blood or having blood in the stool)
Diagnosis takes place following consideration of the patient’s history, medical records and following physical and laboratory tests which may include :-
- Fecal occult blood test which checks for the presence of hidden blood in the stool.
- X-rays of the esophagus and stomach following consumption of a barium solution which is radio opaque and outlines the stomach on x-rays.
- Endoscopy which is examination using a thin, lighted tube called a gastroscope, which is passed through the mouth. If abnormal tissue is found, a sample can be removed for microscopic examination using the gastroscope.
This illness is difficult to treat and cure unless it is found in an early stage before it has begun to spread. Treatment may include:-
- Surgery which is the most common treatment for stomach cancer and is called gastrectomy.
- Chemotherapy which is the use of drugs to kill malignant cells and is called systemic therapy because the drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body.
- Radiation therapy which is the use of high-energy rays to damage malignant cells and stop them from growing.
- Biological therapy which is also called immunotherapy and is a form of treatment that helps the body’s immune system attack and destroy malignant cells.